Old St. Andrews



The Hay Feverites



Sept 9/1874
Hay Fever--From the best statistics that can at present be collected, there appear to be over 50,000 persons in the U. S. who are annually subjected to this distressing complaint. In the opinion of the most intelligent physicians, it is to be classed among the nervous diseases, such as neuralgia, rheumatism, etc. An effort is being made in medical circles to obtain particulars from sufferers, and thus promote the study of proper remedies. For this purpose, Dr. George M. Beard, of New York City, has prepared a printed series of questions for answer by patients, the results of which are expected to be of value. All who are troubled by hay fever, and who are personally familiar with the disease, should send for this series and supply such information as they can.


May 31/1888
The Hotel Gazette—first mention of hay fever and of St. Andrews as tourist destination. “Perfect roads 65 feet wide. See photocopies and below.
            “The diversified summer attractions of the NB have of late years led many seekers after holiday comfort and enjoyment into that picturesque region. Such hotels as have been built and operated with a view to American and Canadian patronage of the better sort in the warm months, have met with flattering success. A point highly favorable for the establishment of another summer hotel and as yet unoccupied by any house or adequate accommodations is SA, a quaint old town just over the border, and only separated from the State of Maine by the St. Croix river. The village is ranged along a fine peninsula near the head of Passamaquoddy Bay, within sight of Eastport and Campobello.
            It is a terminus of the Southern Division of the NB Railway, and a daily landing place of steamers from Eastport or Calais. Its beautiful streets, none of which are less than 65 feet wide, are the delight of summer visitors, while its 1,600 inhabitants, with their stores, churches and livery stables, afford tourists a hearty welcome, and conveniences for necessity or pleasure equal to the large cities.
            A coterie of business men, chiefly residents of Boston, familiar with the peculiar charms of this place and its vicinity, are now investing a large amount of money here in the purchase and development of sightly out-looks in and near the village, into villa sites and parks, and in the introduction of a good system of water works by piping from the Chamcook Lakes in the nearby highlands.
            Assurances are given that the heartiest cooperation will be extended in the erection of a large modern house of approved design, and to any first-class landlord in whose charge it may be placed.
            The volume of traffic to this point in recent seasons, the favourable attitude of the railroad corporations whose lines penetrate this region, and its accessibility from New York Boston, Montreal, Ottawa and Quebec, make its future as a resort an assured success. Before the opening of another season the Canadian Pacific Railway will have placed the leading Canadian cities in direct communication with this point by through train.
            The bold scenery, diversified coast line and perfects roads of the St. Andrews peninsula, the placid land-locked water of Passamaquoddy Bay, and its freedom from fogs and mosquitoes, together with a wonderfully curative effect in cases of hay fever, give St. Andrews its eminence over either of the much vaunted resorts located upon the more immediate coast. Its southern exposure ensures a prolonged season, which is further enhanced by the protection of Chamcook Mountain immediately north of the village. General Greely, chief of the Weather Bureau, U. S. Signal Service, in a recent magazine article, awards this immediate vicinity the distinction of having the finest and most equable climate upon the entire Atlantic slope.


June 14/1888
Among the most happy and contented people within the confines of this wide Dominion are the residents of St. Andrews. When others grumbled over dull seasons and hard times, the average St. Andrews man pursued the even tenor of his way, taking all things for the best, confident that the day would come when wealth and plenty would take up their permanent abode in the town. And visitors, thanks to the quite beauty and glorious climate of the peninsula which stretches out towards Passamaquoddy bay, having the St. Croix river on one side and Chamcook bay on the other, soon catch the infection, and believe as fully as the natives that St. Andrews has a glorious future before it. The town is clean, healthy, regularly laid out with handsome streets, none less than 65 feet wide, and some really pretty buildings. Its lower part is situated on the level adjoining the water, but its cross streets and higher part ascend a gently sloping red sandstone hill, the summit of which commands an extensive view of the river and bay, and of the shores of the State of Maine beyond. This promontory of St. Andrews consists of red sandstone and marls, traversed by trap-dykes, proceeding most probably from Chamcook mountain as their centre. The bold scenery, diversified coast line and perfects roads of the peninsula, the placid, land-locked waters of Passamaquoddy bay, its freedom from fogs, . . . the utter absence of mosquitoes, together with a wonderfully curative effect in cases of hay fever, gives St. Andrews pre-eminence over the much vaunted summer resorts along the adjoining coast of Maine. . . . The invasion of 1888
Another body of invaders from Massachusetts holds virtual possession of St. Andrews today. Indian Point was placed in their hands by the joyous inhabitants, as a thank offering, as soon as they had given tangible evidence that theirs was pub the pioneer tread of thousands yet to come. the residents of St. Andrews love the quiet beauty of their town, but they do not despise American gold, and much property has changed hands of late at figures which would have bee deemed marvellous a few short years go. (to be continued)


Sept 20/1888
From “A Visit to SA,” by Athos (Dr. Frisbie in Newton Graphic):
Principal exports potatoes, oats and turnips. $80,000 per year to farmers. “The view [from Fort Tipperary] from this ridge is simply magnificent for so slight an elevation; bordered by water on three sides, to the east and south dotted with islands as far as the eye can reach . . .”
            “One other inducement I have not referred to—it is said to be a locality which is a sure cure for that pernicious and semi-fashionable disease, ‘hay fever.’”
Summer season in Bar Harbour over. Maine Central says its trains more patronized than usual.
            Wall of Land Co. Bldg almost completed. Work on Park at standstill last two weeks from bad weather. J. S. Magee has left Ireland for home.
            “We understand there will be a meeting held in Boston this week of a number of hotel capitalists interested in a project to build a large hotel at St. Andrews the coming winter to accommodate the large rush anticipated for the summer of 1889.”


Nov 15/1888
Catarrh, Catarrhal Deafness, Hay Fever
A New Home Treatment
Sufferers are not generally aware that these diseases are contagious, or that they are due to the presence of living parasites in the lining membrane of the nose and Eustachian tubes. Microscopian research, however, has proved this to be a fact, and the result is that s simple remedy has been formulated whereby catarrh, catarrhal deafness and hay fever are ‘permanently cured in from one to three simple applications made at home by the patient once in two weeks. N. B.—for catarrhal discharges peculiar to females (whites) this remedy is a specific. A pamphlet explaining this new treatment is sent on receipt of ten cents by A. H. Dixon and Son, 303 West King St., Toronto, Canada.—Scientific American


Aug. 29/1889
"Those hay fever people who have hitherto entertained doubts as the St. Andrews being on exempt locality, can henceforth 'bid farewell to all their fears and wipe their weeping eyes.' Within the past few weeks several hay fever victims have been here and not one of them has had a recurrence of the malady. . . . We think we can safely lay claim to being a second Bethlehem for the hay fever sufferer."


St. Andrews—A Resting Place, a Sanatorium, a Pleasant Resort
Article by A. W. Smith
(good summary of summer activities)
It is not small meed of praise for summer visitors from all parts of this continent, who sojourned at the Algonquin and other hotels during the season now drawing to a close, to express their views in the words which head these lines. There is no question of its being a sanatorium—a place where the influences are naturally and spontaneously promotive of health and vigor without human aid—a place where those seeking rest and recreation can tarry at pleasure in the excellent hotels and nice cottages, and establish health without taking any other treatment than such as is afforded by hygienic tables, sea baths and exercise of their own selection. Here the tired worn out, nervously prostrated man or woman, or the afflicted dyspeptic may cast a hopeful anchor in this haven of havens. The present writer never tires of singing the praises of the locality, and still believes in its future greatness, under a necessary infusion of new blood, energy and enterprise, which has happily began to permeate its prospects.
            There has been a beneficial stir here during the season; the numerous sojourners at hotels indulged in rational amusement such as fishing, boating, driving, promenading on the piazzas and rustic paths, or playing lawn tennis and similar games, and by way of variety swinging in hammocks and reclining under tents; last but not least in dancing, a pastime enjoyed every Saturday evening in the spacious hall and rooms of the Algonquin, to the strains of the orchestra which furnished music for the hotel. All this has come to an end, most of the visitors have returned to their homes and all will be gone by Saturday when the Algonquin is to be closed for the season. It should be noticed in all truthfulness that Mr Jones and his efficient helpmate, have won golden opinions for their management and efforts to please the numerous guests. If any matter of fact reader should imagine this picture is slightly over-drawn, I can refer him to any of the visitors who were here—some of whom were cured of hay fever and other maladies, and left restored with excellent health.


[Oct 30/1889--Eugene Fay to B. R. Stevenson, MS3-Z-435: “Will you aid the management of the “Algonquin” by sending us the names and addressed of all persons that you know, who are afflicted with Hay Fever, it having been thoroughly demonstrated the past season that Hay Fever sufferers will find at St. Andrews complete exemption from this disease. Circulars containing the strongest testimonials to this effect are being prepared. Hay fever people desire to remain away from home through September, and such a clientele means a months’ more business for our Hotel, and we urgently request your assistance to obtain the names and addressed of any sufferer from this disease (whether liable to go to St. Andrews or not), as by writing to them, we expect to get the names of other Hay Fever people of their acquaintance, who will be liable to go there.”]


March 13/1890
First Algonquin Ad mentioned hay fever exemption. "An absolutely exempt hay fever district"


March 20/1890
A very neat as well as complete circular has been issued by the Algonquin Hotel Company this year. Among other things it contains are testimonials from physicians and others showing the absolute immunity from hay fever which St. Andrews enjoys. The testimonies of a number of prominent people as to the excellent of the hotel, the healthfulness of the climate, the natural beauties of Sa, etc., are also published.


July 31/1890
From Montreal Witness
This is one of the most charming and restful spots in the Dominion and is destined to become the summer resort of many families from Montreal, Toronto and other Canadian cities, as it is now of not a few from Washington, Philadelphia and New York. The opening of the Canadian Pacific short line to the Maritime Provinces brings St. Andrews within fourteen or fifteen hours of Montreal at an expense of $15 for return first class tickets. The quaint old town is beautifully situated on a Peninsula in Passamaquoddy bay, and the scenery of the district is perhaps unsurpassed anywhere on the Atlantic coast. The air is bracing and salubrious, and the almost entire absence of fog, together with the odors of balsam which thickly stud the park on the beach, make it one of the healthiest places on the continent. It is difficult to imagine surroundings more congenial to restfulness and health. The drives in the vicinity are numerous and the roads all that could be desired. There is fishing in abundance in the bay and in the numerous lakes within easy access. There are daily excursions by steamboat to SS, Calais, Campobello Island, Eastport, St. John, Portland, etc., as well as by rail to SG, Fredericton, Grand Falls, etc. The town has a population of about 1,500, with numerous stores and well appointed liveries, etc. There are five neat and attractive churches, the best known of which is the Presbyterian "Kirk," some 65 years old, with its high pulpit, which cost 500 pounds sterling, presented by a wealthy member of a former generation. There are several hotels, two of which are large and well appointed summer hostelries. One of them, "The Algonquin," is in the West End, with accommodation for some 150 guests. The other, "The Argyll House," has room for about the same number, and is situated on the border of the town park, having a railway platform on its own grounds for the convenience of guests. There are extensive grounds for the amusement of children, and the view from nearly every room is good. The rooms are large and airy, all carpeted and well furnished. The table is good, there being sufficient variety for any ordinary taste, and the cooking all that could be desired. The landlord spares no pains to make his guests feel at home, and good order and punctilious cleanliness are marked characteristics of the Argyll House. The rates are most reasonable, running from $7 to $10 per week, with a reduction for families.
            There are several Montreal families in St. Andrews thus far this season, including those of Rev. Dr. Warden, Mr. J. S. McLachlan, Messrs. Jas. Burnett, R. Meighen and John Hope. Others are expected this week. The season continues till October, fever patients being here in large numbers in September and October. Hay fever cannot exist here, nor, apparently, can most other diseases, St. Andrews being one of the most healthy places, with a lower death rate than almost any other town on the continent.


Aug. 14/1890
“Cocoaine [sic] caramels” is the new dish that the printer sprung upon the Algonquin guests at Saturday’s dinner. We might explain for the benefit of those who are not acquainted with the dish that it is a species of nerve food, equally as good for hay fever people as for those who are not affected with the malady. Since its introduction there have been numerous enquiries among the guests for the recipe of “Carter’s Cocoaine Caramels.”


Aug 21, 1890
"The hay fever people are dropping along. Those who came here for the first time, with their minds filled with doubts, have had their doubts removed by the many assurances they have received concerning the freedom of St. Andrews from this annoying malady."


"I know of no medicine that will cure hay fever," remarked a doctor who is troubled that way, and who is now lodged beneath the Algonquin roof. "It can be relieved by a railroad ticket, but a permanent cure can only be obtained by a rope around the neck."


"Fifteen hay-feverites are quartered at the Algonquin, and there is also a large number at the Argyll."


Aug. 28/1890
"And still the hay fever people come jogging along. One gentleman from the west, who is a bad case, and who is invariably attacked on the 20th August, even while visiting at the so-called hay fever resort, awaited the coming of the day with fear and trembling. The day made connection all right, but the fever did not, nor up to the present has it shown up. This gentleman visited St. Andrews for the first time this season. He had some doubts at first as to it being absolutely free from hay fever, but these doubts have vanished as the mist before the morning sun."


Sept 11/1890
Complimentary Dinner
Tendered to Judge Emory Speer of Georgia by the Guests of the Algonquin
Delightful as have been the numerous social gatherings at the Algonquin this season, there has been none which contributed more genuine pleasure to the participants than the complimentary dinner which the guest of the hotel tendered to his honor Judge Emory Speer, of Macon, George, on Wednesday evening last, on the occasion of the forty-second anniversary of his birth.
            A circumstance which invested the event with additional interest was the fact that it was a complete surprise to the Judge himself. He had come to St. Andrews to escape a periodical attack of hay fever, and did not dream of being shown any more than the ordinary courtesies of a hotel.  While in conversation with one of he guests on Wednesday morning, he casually remarked that on the day of forty-two years ago he had first seen the light of day. The thought of giving the Judge a surprise suggested itself to the mind of his companion. Communicating the idea to Manager Carter, and the guest of the house they instantly fell in with it. Mr. Carter, with that alacrity which characterizes all his movements set to work to arrange matters, and in an hour or two everything was in train for the event. An elaborate menu, such as only the Algonquin can furnish, was arranged the parlor, halls and dining room, by the aid of wild flowers, ferns, catkins, and the like, supplemented in the banquet hall by Japanese lanterns of the most unique design were instantly transformed as by a fairy hand. In one corner of the banquet chamber an embowered space was reserved for the orchestra, who discoursed during the evening some of their choicest selections. Manager Carter, although greatly restricted by the few hours left him for preparation, did not forget he conventional birthday cake, which is now speeding on its way to Georgia—a messenger of sweetness from the Judge to his household and friends far away. The guests, too mindful of the pleasures that come from giving as well as receiving provided a simple and unique coffee urn (hereafter to be appropriately engraved) with a set of delicate and elegant after dinner china coffee cups and saucers, which will it is hope bring frequent remembrances of the occasion to the judge, as the gift is utilized at his home in the distant south. These little tokens were placed in front of his plate at the table, beside a blooming bouquet of native domestic flowers.


. . . When all the viands had been duly considered,, Judge Speer arose, and in a brief, but very felicitous speech thanked the guest most cordially for the honor they had done him. He had not dreamt that he would be so highly favored on the forty-second anniversary of his birth and the occurrence was one that he would always look back to with feelings of the deepest pleasure. In this beautiful and will governed province, said he, that remorseless enemy Hay Fever, if it should come, would come to me in the guise of friend robbed of all its terrors. He spoke of the pleasure that he had experienced during his first visit to SA, and particularly that for he first time in nineteen years he was entirely free on his birthday from any symptoms of his remorseless enemy, hay fever. Continuing, he paid a well-deserved compliment to the place, to the Algonquin hotel and its management, gave expression to the hope that he would meet many of those present another year, and then concluded by an appropriate quotation from one of the poets, which gracefully ended the happy address.


"SA is destined to become one of the greatest hay fever resorts on the continent," said the husband of a lady who is a great sufferer from hay fever. "Even in the hay fever resorts in the mountains my wife has never been completely free from the malady, but in St. Andrews she has not had the slightest recurrence of the disease."


"How do I account for St. Andrews being free from hay fever? Well," said Dr. S. T. Gove, "I am inclined to attribute it to the fact that the sub-soil of St. Andrews is of a sandy character, that no surface water lingers upon it, and that therefore the air is free from those decaying substances which are present in the localities where the soil is clayed, and the impurities from above cannot readily percolate through it. Then of course the pure sea breezes which we get here are a great help. Some people are of the belief that the presence of the fir tree is responsible for this immunity from this annoying malady, but I am of the opinion that it is due to the soil."


“Octave Thanet” demonstrated to the Algonquin guests and a large number of townspeople on Monday night that her accomplishments do not end with her pen, and that there are other ways of handling “characters” than through the medium of ink and paper. On the evening referred to she made her debut as an exhibitor of “was figgers,” and it is needless to add, with complete success. The “characters’ which her magic wand produced were most laughable, among them being the summer boarder, the hay fever sufferer, John L. Sullivan, the laughing girl, the tennis player, Apollo, the dancer, the singing girl, the baseball player, etc. Mr. Denby, Misses Van Horne, Miss Speer, Miss Lewis, Miss Orr, Mr. Carter and Masters tiffany and Cox took part in the exhibition.


Sept 18/1890
Town commended for successful season, esp. Carter and Algonquin. "One thing has been pretty clearly demonstrated this season, and that is, that as a hay fever resort St. Andrews has no equal. We have had some very obstinate cases here this season, and absolute freedom from even the slightest return of the disease has been the result."


May 21/1891
Judge Emory Speer of Georgia [vice-president of US hay fever association—castles of the north p. 72] affirms his faith in St. Andrews as a hay fever free resort, and adds that it was recommended as such to him by Sir Leonard Tilley, who said no case of it had ever been known here.


July 16/1891
Octave Thanet writes of her Vacation Trip to Old St. Andrews by the sea.
SA by the Sea, July 1/1891
. . . SA is gradually acquiring a pleasant company of cottagers. In the meanwhile it has three hotels, all warmly praised by their guests. One of those we could commend to all our friends, but I am not writing an advertisement. The architect of that house has been happy in his fireplaces. They typify a kind of homelike comfort which I have never encountered in any other hotel. It is our opinion, too, that hay fever attacks the most genial, sweet tempered, witty and personally attractive people; until we ran into the hay fever sufferers here this interesting fact in neurology had escaped us entirely; also the equally interesting fact in therapeutics, that St. Andrews air is a specific for hay fever.
            Possibly one reason is the extraordinary dryness of the atmosphere, which is more like mountain than sea air, yet has the quality of sea air in its salt refreshment; possibly another is that the pine woods are an absorbent. Be the reason what it may, hay fever sufferers can ride, drive, walk, fish in wet clothes or keep flowers in their rooms and never feel a twinge.
            J--- and I are no fisherwomen; this is a pity, since the fishing privileges of St. Andrews are large, both in the bay for salt-water fish and in the lakes and streams for salmon trout. A day’s journey will give one an opportunity to gambol with the sportive salmon and to add anew page to one’s knowledge of the Indian question. The Indians are guides. I know nothing regarding them, but friends tell me that, except that they are greedy beyond imagining and liars from the cradle to the grave, they are very good fellows.


Aug 6/1891
Hay Fever
The person afflicted with hay fever did not always enjoy the privileges and immunities that he does today. There was a time--not so very long ago either--when the unfortunate hay feverite had to do all his sneezing and wheezing at home, suffering such tortures as only the hay fever victim does suffer. Materia medica had nothing that could alleviate his sufferings; the skill of the most skillful physicians was set completely at naught. Then came the blessed news of the discovery of exempt localities, and ever since then the hay fever patient has breathed more deeply and sneezed less often. These localities are more numerous now, but there are few of them where absolute exemption can be obtained. Among the few is the town of St. Andrews. The conditions here seem to be peculiarly favorable for resisting the disease, as no well-defined case of hay fever has ever been known to exist in St. Andrews. Sufferers from the disease have come here, with its fangs deeply rooted in their systems, but within twenty-four hours after the arrival, they had almost forgotten that such a disease had existed. During the past few years there have been many doubting Thomases, whose doubts have been completely set at rest after spending a season here. Last season some of the very worst cases of hay fever visited St. Andrews and in not a single instance did any evidence of the disease remain after the first or second day. Testimonials to this effect from most reliable people have been given, and the glad tidings have been wafted wherever a hay fever patient was known to exist. This summer there has been much enquiry among hay fever people respecting SA, and there is little doubt that they will come here in large numbers. To those who do come we can promise them to be well taken care of; and we can give them the further assurance of absolute exemption from the disease. This is strong language, but in face of all the facts it is none too strong.


Aug. 27/1891
Hay fever conquests continue to be made. A Georgian came to the Algonquin the other day, with a well-developed attack, by the following morning every symptom of the disease had fled.


Sept 17/1891
Best summer season yet. Hotels surpassed all previous records. Railways and steamboat business up. "While other resorts to the westward have been waning, the star of St. Andrews has been gradually ascending." "Hay fever sufferers in larger number than every have visited us, and in not a single case have they failed to experience almost immediate relief. Many of this class of people still remain to bless the pure air of St. Andrews. It is to be regretted that a little more activity has not been shown in the erection of summer homes by those who have purchased property here, but there is good reason to look for a boom in this line next season. On the whole the prospect is quite encouraging for those who are desirous of seeing the town advance as a summer resort."


Aug 11/1892
Some think hay fever is a fad, as no one in town is ever seen to have it.


Sept 22/1892
St. Andrews, 1822
Mr. R. P. Tansy, President of the St. Louis and Missouri Transfer Co., left on Tuesday for NY on his way home. Mr. Tansy has been a victim of hay fever and acting on the advice of Mr. Van Horne, president of the CPR, decided to try the benefit of St. Andrews air as a curative agency. We are pleased to say he has received every benefit and leaves here with good impression of the place.


Aug 31/1893
Our own people, we fear, do not properly appreciate the pleasures they enjoy in being permitted to have all kinds of wild flowers on their tables, to roam in the fields and to ride on our splendid roads without the first intimation of anything so disagreeable as hay fever. This is an advantage we can be happy over and one that ought to make us interested in the suffering world outside.


Oct 26/1893
A Westerner’s View. A Minnesota Journalist talks about St. Andrews and Thereabouts
St. Paul Despatch
One of the quaintest old relics in the Canadian provinces are the ruins of battered old Fort Tipperary, asleep in wreck and the bite of ages beyond the town of SA, NB. SA, you will know, is a famous old English town, where the 1700 worthy people still sing the High church service in manner and form of the time-honored days of the Georges. But to Americans, St. Andrews is fast becoming much more of a picturesque tomb of past great shipping life. It is and always will be the noted scene of the ill-fated Fenian raid in 1867, when the secluded rebels steamed proudly off Eastport, Maine, to raid Indian Island. To repulse this made attack the English attracted a man-of-war from Halifax and taking a wet towel imperiously wiped the Fenians from the face of the sea.
            But all is now serene and blissful in and about the pudgy little town, with its fishing smacks lying gracefully in the harbor, with its low, white houses and high gray churches; its pretty garden and prolific orchards. its modern aspect is heightened by the stateliest of resort hostelries, the Algonquin—a home for summer tourists. Seated high upon an eminence of 200 feet above high tide, this commodious resort, is indeed a pleasure gratifying every sense, delight, sense and comforting indulgence.
            To the west the historic St. Croix moves majestically to the sea, bearing every form of craft from the old black “Pinkey” (a small sloop designed for the slumber trade) to the great side wheel bateaux of today. From the east a sheen of gold and reddened amber lights up the romantic Bay of Passamaquoddy, seventeen miles long and about as deep. To the south lies the foliaged town; while directly in the north and interior of the province a thousand beautiful roads lead to as may interesting lakes, glens and nooks “where thought a treasures sense becomes.”
            So in the midst of all this beauty, where the salt sea air exhilarates the feeble, where the sun shines for weeks, they have discovered the climate to be a panacea for the ills of afflicted folks. Sufferers from hay fever and catarrh, I am assured, come to this lovely little retreat and are released and loosed of their distress. But prominently among the pleasures of this resort, which surround the American visitor, is that which one knows when he greets his own countryman abroad. We greet here an American manager of Boston, a man whose personality alone would, make the resort popular. Unlike the cold, distrustful attention, we Americans, often time suffer from the foreigner—he whose allegiance is not pledged to Uncle Sam—this generous cosmopolite starts your comfort with the genial warmth of true American hospitality. You will know his land and his nativity to hear him invite you to dinner from the remote end of a telephone circuit, though you had never seen him or known him, and when you tumble into his summer home and feel his universally applied and perpetually expressed welcome, you are sure you see the stars and stripes in his cheeks an eyes. Such a host is Mr. Albert Miller, our American fellow, away up in the balsam laden air of NB.


Jan 4, 1894
Concerning SA
Saint Andrews is the Shiretown of Charlotte County, in the Province of New Brunswick, delightfully situated on a peninsula in Passamaquoddy Bay. It is s a terminal point for the CPR, and is utilized by them largely as a coal port, and as a shipping point for Aroostook and Northern Maine. It has a splendid harbour—the finest con the Atlantic coast—almost completely land-locked, and affording shelter for the whole British navy. Can be entered by two channels from the Bay of Fundy—via Head Harbor and St. Croix river, or via Latete Passage. Nearest Canadian port to Montreal; open all the year round. Has prompt connection with Boston and New York steamers at Eastport, twelve miles distant, and whit the island of Deer, Campobello and Grand Manan; daily rail connection, with all points East and West. Lies contiguous to the finest fishing grounds on the Atlantic—cod, haddock, Pollock, mackerel and herring being he principal sea fish. Landlocked salmon and trout abound in the lakes and steams adjacent to the town,. Such game as deer, partridges, black duck and snipe may be shop in proper season. There is a fine agricultural district surrounding. The town is laid out in squares, with broad, tree-bordered avenues, charming driveways, romantic beaches, etc. Has first class schools, five churches, (Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and roman Catholic); also, Mason, Knights of Pythias, Forester, A. O. U. W. and temperance societies. Fast developing as a Summer resort, largely on account of its absolute immunity from Hay Fever, its picturesque location, and healthy, salt-laden atmosphere. It is a Paradise for artists. The famous Algonquin Hotel is located At St. Andrews. It is also the summer home of W. C. Van Horne, President of the CPR; Sir Leonard Tilley, ex-Lt. Governor, George, Innes, Jr., the famous artists of Montclair, NJ; Robert S. Gardiner, of Boston; J. Emory Hoar, of Brookline, Mass, and many others. Sir Donald Smith, General Manager Shaughnessy of the CPR, and a number of other capitalists of Canada and the US, have purchased land with the intention of building summer cottages thereon in the near future. Nearest NB town: SS, 20 miles distant, and enterprising town of 5000 inhabitants, reached by land or water; SG, 22 miles distant, a red granite manufacturing own, located alongside the romantic Magaguadavic Falls, delightful scenery intervening.


June 21/1894
Algonquin reducing rates for hay fever sufferers to $13 per week in September.


July 23/1896
If [hay fever] is such a painful [disease] as those affected say it is then there must be some wonderful curative property in our atmosphere that drives it away. What is it? Is it the salt-laden breath of mother ocean, mingled with the balsamic sweetness of our forest groves, that produces this immunity? We cannot say . . . [but if pure air, water and rest play a role, then no wonder St. Andrews is so popular].


Jan 28/1897
The mosquito must go. It has been discovered that malarial fevers are largely, if not altogether, caused by the bites of this insect.


May 27/1897
New Brunswick as a Playground for the Tourist
General ad promoting NB tourism. "SA . . . besides claiming first place for scenic attractions and historic associations, has also won a continent reputation through its immunity from hay fever, and other malarial diseases."


Sept 6/1900
Piece on "hay fever immigrants":
The hay feverite is here. He is not here for fun, but to escape the painful malady which annually assails him. It has been demonstrated that St. Andrews is one of the localities where the hay fever parasite cannot flourish in, hence the large number of hay fever immigrants we see about. . . . Many people think hay fever is a fad, but people who think this way have never had the disease. . . . Physicians do not seem able to prescribe for the disease successfully. The best and only cure is a change of air,--to the seaside or the mountain top. When ballooning becomes a little safer and cheaper, a new immune district or more extensive range will be opened up to the poor hay fever sufferer.


July 3/1902
On Passamaquoddy Bay; directly connected by rail with Montreal, St. John and Boston, and by steamer with Eastport, Me.; a first-class and popular resort; much patronized by Montrealers, many having summer cottages there; pure, delightful, air-giving relief to sufferers from hay fever and malaria; boating and yachting excellent.


Jan 15/1903
St. John Globe—To Boom St. Andrews
Rival of Bar Harbor as Summer Resort
Plans of Canadian Pacific Railway Company
A meeting of the stockholders of the St. Andrews Land Company is called for the 13 inst. Rumors that have been in circulation for some time and that are generally believed to be well founded seem to indicate that big things are in store for St. Andrews and may result in making of it a watering resort, rivalling Bar Harbor or any other of the famous resorts of the Atlantic seaboard.
            For along time reports have been in circulation that the Canadian Pacific railway intended to secure control of the Algonquin Hotel and the Land Company’s property. Credence was given to these rumors from the fact that Mr. O’Leary, a prominent CPR contractor, has been in St. Andrews for some time looking over the properties there.
            The Globe today called on Mr. James Osborne, general superintendent of the CPR, in referenced to the rumors, but he was uncommunicative and would neither affirm nor deny the truth of the reports in circulation. Of course, it is well known that the CPR has at the present time more than a friendly interest in SA, for Sir William C. Van Horne and Sir Thomas Shaughnessy each have spent thousands upon thousands of dollars there building up beautiful summer houses. It is not, therefore, unreasonable to think that they would lend their assistances to a movement to make their summer home a popular resort.
            The Globe believes that the CPR, or interests allied with the CPR, are about to secure control of both the properties and manage and control them in a way that will surely bring about more successful results than in the past. The Canadian Pacific has shown itself as skilful in the management of hotels as in the operating of its big railroad, and the CPR hotels in Canada today are famous from one end of the continent to the other. With the Algonquin under their control or supervision it is fair to assume that the big hotel would be modernized and improved and made a much more popular resort than heretofore.
            The Land Company owns a vast section of the best land in the vicinity of SA, and if the railway company takes possession of it there might be reasonable expectation that money would be spent in beautifying and improving it and in making it attractive for summer visitors. That this will be done there seems good reason to believe
            SA is an ideal summer resort, with beautiful beaches, good sea bathing, excellent boating facilities, for sail, steam or rowing craft, good fishing, either lake, stream, or deep sea near at hand, a land where hay fever is an unknown as is the fog. Taken hold of, and backed the powerful influence of the CPR it should rapidly develop, of the Canadian Pacific’s interest would give assurance of permanency and American and Canadian millionaires would feel that they were making no mistake in locating there and in putting up magnificent homes.
            The movement, which means so much for SA, also means much to the summer business of NB, for if the people of Canada and the United States begin coming this way for their summer rest, it may be expected that man will want to see the whole province.


July 22/1909
The Hay Fever
The annual recurrence of hay fever conditions makes the summer season one of torture and distress to many. The medical Record tells us that it is more prevalent in the United States than in any other country, though it is prevalent in Canada. A hundred years ago it did not exist, or at least no mention made of it has come down to us. It has been recently proved that it is due to the pollen of certain grasses and plants. One investigator discovered twenty-five grasses and seven other plants that produce this malign effect upon sensitive subjects. This being so, it is singular that the malady is most prevalent in large cities, while the farmer who comes in constant contact with all sorts of pollen is practically immune. This suggests that like sea-sickness it affects those not habituated to the particular influences that produce it. But once acquired the trouble is not easily shaken off. Drugs do little good. A sea voyage is the surest relief, but it must be prolonged until the pollen flotation is over. Change of residence has resulted in benefit to many, but those places that have been favourites for this purpose, like the White Mountain region, have been spoiled by the cultivation of gardens. There is evidently no affinity between hay fever and the beauty of nature.


St. Croix Courier
Aug 22/1912
Merits of Campobello are Being Recognized
The claim of the Island of Campobello that residents there secure absolute immunity from hay fever has been very substantially recognized by the fact that a branch convention of the Hay Fever Association of the United States will be held at The Inn, Campobello, on August 28th next. Vice President Patterson of the association will preside at the convention and it is expected that very much information of value of sufferers from hay fever will be presented for consideration. The Inn is gaining in popular favor from year to year and this season has been one of the best in its history. The many guests who have found peace and comfort within its hospitable walls, excellent table and the unvarying attention of the genial manager and this capable staff, are unanimous in the expression of the opinion that among the many attractive summer resorts in the Maritime Provinces. The Inn is undoubtedly one of the best.


St. Croix Courier
Sept 11/1919
Charlotte County’s Hayfever Resort
The Fame of Beautiful Campobello Goes Around—Testimonial from American visitor