Old St. Andrews



Edward Maxwell



Edward Maxwell


April 23, 1896
Edward Maxwell, who made his home in Milltown, Maine, last summer, was in St. Andrews on Monday.


Sept 28/1899
Another Summer Cottage
Mr. Edward Maxwell, architect, of Montreal, has purchased the Stephenson lot on the Bar Road, below the railway track and will erect thereon a summer cottage of unpretentious pattern. Messrs. Stevenson and McKenzie will probably erect the building. Mr. Maxwell is Sir William Van Horne’s architect. He spent some time here the past season with his family.


Feb 22/1900
New Summer Cottage
While in Montreal last week, Mr. F. H. Grimmer completed the sale to Mr. Edward Maxwell, architect, of the late P. S. Stevenson lot on the Bar road. Mr. Maxwell has the plans ready for his proposed summer cottage and expects to occupy it the approaching season. Mr. Robert Stevenson will be the builder.


April 26/1900
New Summer Cottage
Mr. Maxwell, of Montreal, the First to Usher in the Summer Season
The summer cottage, which Mr. E. E. Maxwell, architect, of Montreal, is having built for himself at the eastern extremity of the Bar road, is being rapidly pushed forward by the contractors, Messrs. Stevenson and McKenzie. A glimpse at the plans reveals a modest structure, with hipped roofs, somewhat after the Queen Anne order of architecture. It is two storeys in height, with a piazza on the front, which faces towards the summer residence of Sir William Van Horne. The house covers an area of 18 ½ by 38 feet. The living room of the house is located in the centre of the main building. This room is 16 x 20 feet. A red sandstone fire-place will occupy the rear end of the room. On the left of the living room, is a reception room 8 x 18 feet, with a doorway opening from the side towards the railway, track. The stairway to the upper floor is at the back of this room. The right hand side of the central room encloses a bedroom and a pantry. Upstairs, there are two bedrooms and a large dressing room and a bathroom. The kitchen, measuring 12 ½ by 20 feet, is in a measure independent of the main building, being connected with it only by a pitched room. Provision is made for a ten-foot driveway between the two buildings. There will be a servants’ bedroom off the kitchen. The space over the driveway between the roof and the floor will be utilized as a trunk room. This will be entered from the main building upstairs. There will be no plaster on any of the rooms, the ways and ceilings being composed of planed matched sheathing. Mr. Maxwell expects to occupy his new residence on the 24th of May.


June 14/1900
The latest summer cottage to be erected at St. Andrews is that of Mr. E. Maxwell, architect, of Montreal. Mr. Maxwell, as architect for Sir William Van Horne, had occasion to visit St. Andrews last season, and he became so infatuated with the place that the determined to erect a summer habitation for himself. This determination he has just carried out. His cottage is a near little structure and is located on the lot of land at the eastern extremity of the Bar Road, just below the CPR track. It commands a view of rare loveliness. Its nearness to the beach makes it especially desirable. Mr. Maxwell is providing his home with all modern conveniences, such as bath room acetylene gas, etc., and when completed it will be one of the cosiest and pretties little spits in the neighbourhood. Mr. Maxwell’s family will arrive in few days.


June 21/1900
Mr. E. Maxwell’s family from Montreal are in their pretty cottage, Bar road.


Sept 27/1900
Plans for a new Presbyterian manse donated by E. Maxwell and accepted by trustees. "Simple, yet beautiful cottage of colonial design."


March 21, 1901
A pair of very handsome ponies arrived for Mr. E. Maxwell, Bar Road, on Tuesday. They were purchased in Truro, NS.


April 25/1901
Our Summer Cottages
The following cottagers are expected here the coming summer:
9. Bar road—Mr. and Mrs. E. Maxwell, Montreal


June 6/1901
Occupying a romantic position on the Bar Road, on the spot known for so many years as “Mowatt’s Grove,” stands the beautiful summer home of Mr. William Hope, of Montreal. The lower part of the property skirts the CPR railway, so that the house may readily be seen on entering the town. It has a very pretty outlook to the south and east.
            The structure is over 100 feet long. There is a verandah almost ten feet in width along the Bar Road front. On the railway side, this verandah is increased to fifteen feet in width. The high sloping roof gives the house a unique yet very summery appearance. There two entrances, one on the railway side of the house and one on the opposite side. They both enter a broad hall of living room, with a massive fireplace in the centre. Between the hall and the front there are two large rooms with a lavatory and closet between and a fireplace in the corner of each. One of these rooms will be used as a library, the other as a bedroom. The dining room, which is on the other side of the hall, is about 19 feet square. It is provided with a large fireplace and china closet. The pantry, which is of good size, adjoins the dining room. The kitchen occupies the whole width of the ell, and is a bout 15 x 18 feet.  Adjoining it in the rear, there is a larder, also a cold room, ice room and wood shed. Upstairs on the second floor there are four large bedrooms one of which open son a balcony to the east, a commodious hall, also bath room linen closet, etc. On the attic floor, there are two bedrooms for servants, with a lavatory attached.
            The interior of this dwelling is not plastered, but is covered by a creamy colored pulp, or heavy paper, which gives it a unique appearance.
            A water tower will be erected in the rear of the cottage for the purpose of supplying it with the necessary water.
            The grounds around Mr. Hope’s cottage have been laid out in a very tasteful manner. A miniature pond has been constructed nearby the old spring and it will be from its ice-cold depths that the supply for the tank on the water tower will be drawn. A broad carriageway has been opened up a few rods above the railway track. Drives around the building have also been provided for.
            Mr. Edward Maxwell, of Montreal, was the architect of this building. It was built under contract by Mr. Robert Stevenson, of SS, which is a sufficient guarantee of the excellence of its construction.


Aug 22/1901
Who’s Who and What’s What
Mr. Edward Maxwell, who owns the sightly summer home at the farther of the Bar Road, is an architect of considerable prominence in Montreal, and is greatly esteemed as a summer resident of St. Andrews.


April 10, 1902
Mr. Edward Maxwell, of Montreal, will enlarge his summer cottage at SA, and has employed Mr. Wright McLaren to superintend the work. Mr. William Hope, of Montreal, has added a large barn to his summer premises. Robert Stevenson is the builder.


July 24/1902
Bar Road Tragedy Inquest Begins
Robert Purton was the first witness. He deposed: “I am an engine-driver on the CPR. Have been driving since 1881. Knew the deceased. Saw him seated in his carriage at Bar road crossing. Was about 30 feet from him when he saw him. It was about 11:00 o’clock am on Wednesday, July 16. Engine was running about six miles an hour. Made emergency application of air brake the moment I saw deceased. The brake did not stop the engine quickly enough to prevent the man from being struck. The engine, he thought, struck the carriage in the middle. Saw the carriage going to pieces. Did not see the horse. he was on the other side. there was no stop to be made at the Bar Road platform. Don’t know when train left Chamcook. Train was 15 minutes late, but was not making up time. A man’s horse would be on the crossing or pretty handy to it before a team could be seen by the engineer. Never had any trouble at this crossing before. Am always careful at this crossing—more so than any other crossing. it is a flag station, hence the care. there are slow boards a quarter of a mile on each side of Bar Road crossing. That board means to reduce speed. Usually reduce to about 6 miles an hour. We give one long whistle about a mile from the crossing, and two long and two short whistles at slow board and whistling post. they are both together. the slow board and post are about a quarter of a mile from the crossing. From this we gradually slow down until crossing is passed. the bell is kept ringing almost from the whistling post until the crossing is reached. On the day of the accident he blew engine whistle a mile from the crossing; also blew at slow board. the bell was rung by fireman. The whistles were distinct. Don’t know why whistles and bell could not be heard by a man approaching the crossing. With such protection as the railway affords, I consider the Bar Road crossing safe. I saw the deceased he was sitting in his carriage in a stooped position. He never turned his head one way or the other. Could not say whether he was asleep or not. So far as I could see he never varied this position. He seemed to be in a deep study. Did not look as if he realized the danger of his position.
Bartholomew Donahue: “Have been a conductor at least 25 years. Was in charge of morning train July 16. We behind time that day about 15 minutes. We made up some of the time between Watt Junction and Bar road. Were running on an average 25 miles an hour. Do not call this a high rate of speed. Everything was in perfect order in connection with this train that morning. we use the air brake on this train. It is a perfect invention. The train would run the length of two or three cars before being stopped by the air brake. I don’t think a train going at the rate of 6 miles an hour could be stopped short of the length of two cars on down grade. We blew our first whistle after we left Chamcook station. Next whistle we blew at whistling post. At the whistling post the rate of speed was about ten miles an hour. I heard bell ringing as we were coming to the crossing; it rang until we struck the team. I was looking out of the baggage car door as train was passing the Bar road crossing. I saw a team on the very of the track. I saw part of horse and buggy. I saw the buggy over the side of the train. Two or three seconds of time elapsed during the period of collision. there was no time to signal or make any effort to save the man. I jumped off the train to see the results. I saw a man lying dead on the ground and horse killed on the other side of track. I did not know the man at first. Did not examine the body carefully. It is very seldom any accident happens on this end of the road. there are ten or twelve crossings between here and Watt Junction. We have printed regulations regarding whistling and ringing of bell at these crossings. the Bar Road crossing is distinguished by having extra precautions taken. the extra precaution is to go slow—not more than six miles an hour. It is a very slow rate. think the horse was trotting when I first saw the carriage on the verge of the track. I don’t think the horse could have been pulled up if the deceased had seen the train at the time I first saw it. I consider the Bar Road crossing, from its position, a dangerous one—the most dangerous one between here and Watt Junction. Don’t remember having nearly collided with something on this crossing. The train went three car lengths before being stopped. We had five cars on. it would not have been possible to avoid the collision had the train been running three miles an hour. Have received special instructions about Bar Road. Last order was about a year ago. We were not to exceed six miles an hour.


Edward Maxwell: “I have a summer residence at the Bar Road crossing. Knew deceased. Have seen him pass my house frequently. never remembered seeing him pass without recognition. Have always considered Bar Road crossing an extremely dangerous one. One is almost on the rack before the train can bee seen. It is necessary to listen before crossing, and with a south or southeast wind blowing it is almost impossible to hear the train. I usually stop my horses to see if track is clear, but have unexpectedly met the train at this point without hearing it. Would have to stop driving to hear it. This was owing to the noise caused by carriage brake. The hill is quite steep leading to the track. Half way down it would be impossible to stop the horses without having a brake on the carriage, in time to prevent a carriage accident.  Did not see this accident. Passed Mr. Stevenson about thee minutes before he was killed, driving down Bar road. I bowed to him and he returned the bow. Noticed nothing unusual about him. Did not consider the crossing safe. Have frequently seen the train pass the crossing at a greater speed than six miles an hour. Noticed it the other evening before the accident occurred. the train on that evening was running considerably faster than six miles an hour. The difference in train running at the crossing is very noticeable since the accident.


March 24/1904
E. Maxwell supervising alterations to McColl house, opposite Episcopal Church. Will have refrigerator and ice house.


Sept 1/1904
A Beautiful Home
One of the most beautiful residences in St. Andrews is that of Mr. Francis P. McColl, president of the Sea Coast Packing Company. Some months ago he purchased from Dr. Parker, the brick house opposite All Saints’ church. Since then he has improved and beautified the house and grounds until they are as pretty as a picture. Mr. Edward Maxwell, architect, of Montreal, to whom was entrusted the improvements on the property, has followed the colonial idea, and has left nothing to be desired. His plans have been carried out under the inspection of Mr. Ferguson and his office staff, so that nothing has been left undone that should be done. The interior of the house is comfortable, and the appointments will be elegant. Mr. Wright McLaren was foreman of the carpenters. He was done his work well. The plumbing, heating and lighting arrangements are particularly complete. These include a hot water furnace, a hot air pump, and acetylene gas plant. There are three bathrooms in this house. The plumbing contract was awarded to Mr. Goodwill Douglas, of SA, who has faithfully performed his work. The painting and paper-hanging have been done by Mr. Ernest Graham, of St. Andrews. Not the least attractive feature of the premises are the beautiful grounds, which were laid out by Mr. James McDaid, the skilful landscape architect.


Sept 5/1907
New Summer House
The purchase by Mr. Charles F. Smith, of the Dr. Parker lot near the Algonquin hotel, has been ratified by he owner, who is in England. Mr. Smith, who has about completed his first season her and who is charmed with the town as a summer resort, will very shortly begin the erection of a beautiful summer house for himself on his new estate. The house will occupy the site of the parker residence, which was destroyed many years ago, but will be considerably larger. [Maxwell’s architects]


Oct 24/1907
Palatial Summer Home being Built by Mr. Smith.
Veteran of 1861 to camp alongside old tend ground.
When Mr. Charles F. Smith (of Montreal) footsore and weary, marched into St. Andrews from Quebec in 1861 to fight if need by for the honor of his country and the defence of its flag, he little dreamed that in the year of our Lord 1907 he would be building a palatial summer home adjoining the barracks where he first rested his weary bones with his brother soldiers.
            Mr. Smith’s new dwelling is being erected on the lot recently purchased by him from Dr. Parker. Situated on the high ground to the south of the Algonquin it commands an unexampled view on all sides.
            The building itself will be fit setting for such magnificent surroundings. Planned by Messrs. Edward and W. S. Maxwell, of Montreal, who recently won the $8,000 prize offered by the Canadian government, it will be one of the finest summer homes in the lower provinces. Surrounded by broad verandas, with an ample porte cochere fronting towards the setting sun, the ground floor will contain a large hall, living room, (from which a door will open on the south side) dining hall, children’s dining room, waiting room, coat room, ken (the latter on the east side, at the extremity of the hall), also a large bedroom with bath room adjoining. The ell will contain kitchen, larger, etc.
            On the second floor there ill be six large bedroom in the main building, and three bathroom, while in the ell there will b four servants’ bedroom and bath room.
            The heavy foundations and concrete pillars have been completed by Mr. Charles Horsnell, and the wooden superstructure has just been begun by Mr. Wright McLaren, who has large crew of men employed. The building will be completed in time for occupation next season.


Jan 2/1908
Maxwell brothers again win first prize. This time for new parliament bldgs. in Regina


Aug 6/1908
Who’s Who
What Some of our Summer Residents Do at Home
Mr. Edward Maxwell, who owns a charming little summer home near “the Bar,” is a member of a leading firm of Montreal architects. This firm recently won the prize offered by the Dominion government for the best sett of plans for the new department al buildings, Ottawa. They also captured a similar prize offered by one of the governments of the new western provinces.


Nov 5/1908
A Building Boom. Several New Cottages Being Erected.
Mr. G. A. McKeen has completed the shelter house in the rural cemetery. It is a neat little building and is admirably adapted to the purpose for which it was intended.
            Mr. McKeen has signed a contract with Mr. E. H. Cobb for the erection of s summer cottage on his lot near the Algonquin.
            Mr. Wright McLaren is pushing forward the construction of Mr. Charles R. Hosmer’s elegant summer home alongside Fort Tipperary. The frame is nearly all in place and boarding it has begun.
            Mr. Alvin Haddock has Colonel’s Hume’s bungalow at Brandy Cove well advanced. It will be a comfortable little summer home.
            The sound of the workman’s hammer is being heard on Sir William Van Horne’s summer estate. Sir William is having a vinery on an elaborate scale erected. The building will be of stone. Mr. Charles Horsnell has the contract for this building.
            One of the most beautiful homes in St. Andrews is now in course of construction for Mr. T. T. Odell. It is framed and roofed, and the interior ready for plastering. Mr. Angus Rigby has the contract in hand. The architect is Mr. Neil Brodie, of Saint John.
            RM. Robert gill, of Ottawa, has purchase the Gardiner cottage overlooking Katy’s Cove, and is having it repaired and improved. The work is being done by Wright McLaren, the architects being Messr. Maxwell, of Montreal. Mr. Gill will occupy the cottage another season.
            In addition to these works it is likely that before another season opens, the Algonquin hotel cottages will be enlarged and an annex made to the Inn.


Feb 11/1909
Stately Summer Homes of St. Andrews by the Sea. C. R. Hosmer’s Beautiful Summer Home almost completed.
The French order of architecture has been adhered to in the striking looking cottage belonging to Mr. C. R. Hosmer, of Montreal, which Mr Wright McLaren is now putting the finishing touches on. It occupies a commanding position alongside of Sir Thomas Shaughnessy’s residence, Fort Tipperary, and like his possesses an unexampled view.
            The entrance on the west side is between massive pillars, of native sandstone. The first room is the large living room, which occupies almost the entire front of the house, being 17 x 44 feet. It has a massive fireplace almost opposite the ample doorway. Behind the living room is a hallway 6 feet in width, with a broad stairway on the lower side. The dining room 16 x 18 feet, morning room 13 x 18 feet, a large bedroom and a commodious bathroom occupies the remainder of the main floor. Two of these rooms open out onto broad verandah in the rear. With the exception of the bath room they are each supplied with a large fireplace. On the southern end of the building are located the kitchen, larder and butler’s pantry. They are all rooms of good size.
            On the second floor, in the main house, there are five large and airy bedrooms with splendid views, two of them having doors opening on to balconies, a dressing room, linen closet and three bath rooms. In the servant’s quarters there are two bedrooms and a bathroom. The attic also contains two large servants’ rooms, water tank, etc.
            In the rear of the lot a small building has been erected for acetylene gas. The house has also been wired for electric lights.
            The plans for this building were from the study of Messrs. E. and W. S. Maxwell, on Montreal.  They have been more faithfully executed by Mr Wright McLaren. He has the work well advanced about eh only interior work remaining to do being the placing of the door frames and doors and the laying of the hardwood floors. . . . I


April 8/1909
Among the Cottages
The carpenters are pushing on the alterations on Mr. Robert Gill’s cottage overlooking Katy’s Cove. When completed and painted, the building will be greatly improved. Addition shave been made at both ends of the dwelling. At the southern end, the addition will give room for a servants’ dining hall, two larders, and two servants’ bedrooms. In addition to the former bath-room, two others have been added. On the northern side, on the second floor there will be another bedroom with lookouts at five points. Beneath is a pillared verandah. The interior of the house has been improved in other respects. The carpenters began putting on the interior finish this week. The contract is being carried out by Mr. Wright McLaren, from Messrs. Maxwell’s plans


Nov 4/1909
New Summer Dwelling—For F. W. Thompson. On site as old Bailey House. Architect W. and E. Maxwell.


Sept 15/1910
Edwin Odell considering home on Montague. Maxwell preparing plans.


Nov 4/1915
Sir William Van Horne’s Recreations.
By Rev. A Wylie Mahon
Someone has said that we never know our great men till we see them at play, till we watch them throw off the vexing cares of business and allow themselves to be themselves. Now that Sir William Van Horne has gone from us, we like to think of him, not so much as phenomenally successful business man, who possessed, as few have done the Midas touch, who saw visions an dreamed dreams of Canada’s future greatness, and who did not a little to realize his own dreams; but we like to think of him as he revealed himself when far from the madding crowd he enjoyed his happy and beautiful home at Covenhoven, St. Andrews.
            Sir William discovered St. Andrews as a summer resort about twenty-five years ago. He was the pioneer of the interesting Montreal colony that followed his lead, that included Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, Mr. Charles R. Hosmer, Senator Robert, MacKay, Mr. William Hope, Mr. Donald MacMaster, Mr. Edward Maxwell and many others. Sir William was universally acknowledged as the beloved chief of the Montreal clan, and this distinction gave him a great deal of pleasure. Whenever a member of the Montreal clan built a summer home for himself in that charming resort Sir William showed his appreciation by painting a large picture, usually of a his favorite bare birches, which was placed over the mantel of the new home, and was treasured by the happy recipient as nothing else in the house was.


Sept 15, 1917
Miss Maxwell, of Montreal, has been visiting her brother, Mr. Edward Maxwell, at his summer home on the Bar Road.


July 27/1918
Town Council
Moved by Aldn. Douglas, seconded by Aldn. McLaren, that whereas Sir Thomas Tait has made application to this Council for permission to close and discontinue the old watering place on the Bayside road, just above the entrance to his estate and to erect and establish a new watering place at a point some distance below said entrance, also to improve and beautify the road opposite his estate, and in accordance with a plan prepared by Mr. Edward Maxwell, architect, and submitted to this Council, and whereas Sir Thomas has agreed to provide all material and labor, and assume all the expense in connexion with proposed work; Resolved that permission be and is herby granted Sir Thomas Tait t close and discontinue the old watering place aforesaid, and to establish the new watering place in accordance with Mr. Maxwell’s plan.


#St. Croix Courier
Nov 22/1923
E. W. Maxwell dies in Montreal.


St. Croix Courier
Aug 19/1954
Summer Home Directory Issued for St. Andrews.
Maxwell, Mrs. Edward, Tillieutudlem, Bar Road