Old St. Andrews



George Innes



George Innes and Lazycroft


Sept 11/1890
Mr. George Innes, Jr., of Montclair, NJ, is looking about for a cottage for next season. He says that both he and his wife are charmed with St. Andrews.


Feb 23/1893
Mr. and Mrs. Innes, well-known summer visitors, came from the West on Friday to seek out a summer cottage for themselves. They inspected two or three, but made no selection. Mr. Innes told the Beacon that he would be in St. Andrews next summer.


March 30, 1893
Mr. George Innes, of Montclair, NJ, has purchased a lot of landing the neighborhood of the Algonquin hotel from the Land Company, and intends building thereon. The house, which will be built in time for occupation the coming season will be of wood, and will be rather a pleasing structure. Attached to it will be a studio for Mr Innes, also a bar and coach house.


April 6, 1893
New Summer Residences
Before leaving for his New Jersey home, Mr. George Inness, jr., entered into a contract with Messrs. Stevenson and Mackenzie, builders, for the construction of his new house, which is to be erected on the lot east of the Algonquin hotel recently purchased by him. Mr. Inness’s building will cover an area of 133 x 32 feet and the plans indicate that it will be a very a handsome structure. The ground floor will contain a large parlor a commodious hall, also dining room, kitchen and pantries. Further along, under the same roof, will be the carriage house and barn. On the second floor, there will be half a dozen or more large chambers, besides the studio of Mr. Inness, who is an artist to considerable repute. The contractors have agreed to have the building completed and ready for occupation by the first of July. Mr Inness is already arranging for the purchase of his furniture, intending to begin life in St. Andrews just as soon as his house is ready to receive him


May 11/1893
The Summer Cottages
The Innes house is all in frame and by the end of the week will be pretty well boarded in. A net cedar hedge has been placed around the lot, the job having been done by Mr. McNamara.


June 1/1893
The Summer Habitations
In the neighborhood of the summer hotel, carpenters are had at work on the elegant summer residence of George Inness, Jr., of Montclair, NJ. The building—which is over 130 feet in length—is now pretty well along. The walls have been boarded in, the roof shingled, the chimneys erected, and the carpenters are now putting in the partitions upstairs. A broad verandah occupies the western front ot he house, and also a portion of the southern side. The parlor is in the western end of the house.  Then comes a wide hallway. In the ear of that are the dining room, pantries, and kitchen. A woodshed, coach house, granary and harness room and stable complete the compartments on the ground floor. There are five stalls in the stable. On the second floor there are ten large rooms in addition to Mr. Inness’s studio, which looks out upon Chamcook mountain and the bathroom. Water will be obtained from the same source as the Algonquin hotel obtains it, and in addition there will be a large cistern to catch rain water. The house will be ready for the 1st of July. Mr. Inness, whose artistic eye has been charmed by the weather beaten color of the fort buildings, does not intending to put any paint on the exterior of his house. He proposes to allow Nature to perform all such external decorations along and unaided. There is to be no plaster on the interior walls. They will be sheathed, of course and then covered with a thick wall paper, which will be fastened on with brass-headed nails.


June 15/1893
Summer Chat
A Beautiful Town.--Something About the new Summer Cottages
The summer residence of Mr. George Innes, jr., of Montclair, N. J., is well advanced toward completion. All the outer walls are shingled. The verandas are yet to complete, and the rooms remain to be sheathed. But this work will not take long to accomplish, so that Mr. Innes can safely figure on being able to occupy his house during the first week of July. J. H. Doody, of Saint John , is doing the plumbing on this building.


July 6/1893
Summer Homes by the Sounding Sea
. . . The summer residence of Mr. George Inness, Jr. of Montclair, NJ, is directly to the east of the Algonquin. With a total frontage of 133 feet, its north verandah faces Chamcook mountain, while that on the south over looks the village of St. Andrews and Passamaquoddy Bay. Here Mr. Inness, who is an artist of repute, may from under “his own vine and fig tree,” so to speak, find subjects for his brush, for whether it be the marine view with sail dotted accompaniments, the grand mountain range, the tilled farm and grass covered pasture, or quiet quaint village with its flower embowered cottages, numerous church steeples, and picturesque but abandoned wharves, all are within his view, and worth the best effort of his artists’ brush.
            Almost adjoining the property of Mr. Inness are the lots owned by Mr. Jas. Burnett and Mr. T. G. Shaughnessy of Montreal, and a little further to the south, the block owned by Mr. E. A Taft, of Boston, on all of which summer houses worthy of such commanding positions, will soon be built.


July 13, 1893
The handsome and commodious summer cottage which Mr. George Inness., Jr. Has erected alongside the Algonquin hotel, is fast approaching the stage when it can be occupied for dwelling purposes. While the exterior is very striking, the interior has been very effectively arranged, the stained flooring and the delicately tinted felt, which serves the purpose of plaster on the walls, forming a combination at once unique and pleasing. The workmanship on the building reflects the greatest credit upon Messr. Stevenson and McKenzie, the contractors, and it more than pleases the owner. The plumbing arrangements were put in by James H. Doody, of Saint John. They are of a superior character. Messr. Laflin, of SS, are painting the doors and window frames also the floors and ceiling of the verandah. The body of the house will be unsoiled by the painter’s brush, Mr. Innes being too good an artist and therefore, too ardent a over of nature to be pleased with anything short of what Nature can produce. Around the house a neat, cedar hedge has been planted. This was the work of Mr. MacNamara, of SS, and like all contracts entrusted to his care has been well done. Mr. Innes is already using his stable for his horses. He has five of them with him—perfect beauties all of them.


July 20/1893
George Innes, Jr. will have five horses; Van Horne, 3; Roswell Smith, 2; Mrs. Meighan, 2; Mr. Slope, 2; Sir Leonard Tilley, 2.


Aug 10/1893
George Inness, Sr., accompanied Mr. Van Horne on his last trip to Montreal, returning with him to St. Andrews on Saturday.


Oct 26/1893
A Westerner’s View. A Minnesota Journalist talks about St. Andrews and Thereabouts
St. Paul Despatch
. . . Near the Hotel, stands the oddly-constructed cottage of the famous landscape artist, George Inness. When the prominence of the cottagers was disclosed to me, I sought an interview with Mr. Inness, who is not only noted for his great talent as our leading American landscape painter, but also for his marked ability as a conversationalist and art critic. A crowded chat of three hours one Sunday afternoon on a balmy porch did not seem to weary him, nor did it effect less than to attract about us a score of eminent sojourners, who, for the moment, seemed to be interested in our discussion of Turner, Ruskin, Claude, Daubigny, Fortuny, Corat, Delacroix, Dannat, Chase, Marr, and a shot of other great names in the realm of art and its literature. I shall reserve for another relish, the character and issues, the repartee and satire and the very interesting deductions of this debate with the elder Inness.


Jan 4, 1894
Concerning SA
Saint Andrews is the Shiretown of Charlotte County, in the Province of New Brunswick, delightfully situated on a peninsula in Passamaquoddy Bay. It is s a terminal point for the CPR, and is utilized by them largely as a coal port, and as a shipping point for Aroostook and Northern Maine. It has a splendid harbour—the finest con the Atlantic coast—almost completely land-locked, and affording shelter for the whole British navy. Can be entered by two channels from the Bay of Fundy—via Head Harbor and St. Croix river, or via Latete Passage. Nearest Canadian port to Montreal; open all the year round. Has prompt connection with Boston and New York steamers at Eastport, twelve miles distant, and whit the island of Deer, Campobello and Grand Manan; daily rail connection, with all points East and West. Lies contiguous to the finest fishing grounds on the Atlantic—cod, haddock, Pollock, mackerel and herring being he principal sea fish. Landlocked salmon and trout abound in the lakes and steams adjacent to the town,. Such game as deer, partridges, black duck and snipe may be shop in proper season. There is a fine agricultural district surrounding. The town is laid out in squares, with broad, tree-bordered avenues, charming driveways, romantic beaches, etc. Has first class schools, five churches, (Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and roman Catholic); also, Mason, Knights of Pythias, Forester, A. O. U. W. and temperance societies. Fast developing as a Summer resort, largely on account of its absolute immunity from Hay Fever, its picturesque location, and healthy, salt-laden atmosphere. It is a Paradise for artists. The famous Algonquin Hotel is located At St. Andrews. It is also the summer home of W. C. Van Horne, President of the CPR; Sir Leonard Tilley, ex-Lt. Governor, George, Innes, Jr., the famous artists of Montclair, NJ; Robert S. Gardiner, of Boston; J. Emory Hoar, of Brookline, Mass, and many others. Sir Donald Smith, General Manager Shaughnessy of the CPR, and a number of other capitalists of Canada and the US, have purchased land with the intention of building summer cottages thereon in the near future. Nearest NB town: SS, 20 miles distant, and enterprising town of 5000 inhabitants, reached by land or water; SG, 22 miles distant, a red granite manufacturing own, located alongside the romantic Magaguadavic Falls, delightful scenery intervening.


Aug 9/1894
A Great Artist Dead
Death of George Inness, Sr. Details.


Feb 21/1895
Sales of the late George Innes, were recently held at Chickering hall, New York. Eighty paintings sold the first day for $36,000. The second day’s sale realized 35,000, and the third and last day’s sale brought the receipts up to $108,000.  A painting of St. Andrews realized $1,200. Some of his paintings were purchased by Montreal art connoisseurs.


April 8/1897
The Summer Houses
The summer cottages are being taken up very fast. The Smith cottage will be occupied by Charles S. Everett and family, of Saint John. Mrs. Hansard will tenant the Lorimer residence just below. The Tilley dwelling will have the same tenants as last season, Mr. A. R. McDonald, and family, of Montreal. Mr. and Mrs. George R. Hooper, of Montreal, have leased the Grimmer cottage alongside the Algonquin, and it is now being fitted up for them. Mr. R. N. Allen and family, of Boston, who tenanted the elegant summer dwelling alongside the Algonquin, belonging to Mr. Inness, will again occupy it this season.
            The Wheelock summer residence is being pushed along rapidly. Plastering began on Monday.


June 3/1897
At the cottages.
Our cottage population will consist principally of the following families this season: Risford, Emory Hoar of Brookline, Mass. Innes cottage—Mrs. Roger Allen and family, of Boston. Gardiner cottage—Mr. and Mrs. Robert Gardiner, of Boston. Algonquin cottage—Mr. Day and family, or Morristown, NJ. Grimmer cottage—Mr. and Mrs. Hooper, of Montreal. Tilley cottage—Mrs. and Mrs. A. R. MacDonald and family, of Montreal. Lorimer cottage—Mrs. Hansard and the Misses Hansard, of Boston. Smith cottage—Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. “Everett and family, of Saint John. Robinson cottage—Mr. and Mrs. J. Douglas Hazen of Saint John. Howard cottage—Mrs. Henry Todd and Mrs. McNichol, of St. Stephen. Hartt cottage—Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Hartt and family of Tallahassee, Florida. Pendlebury cottage—Mr. Merritt and family , Houlton, Maine. “Casa Rossa,” (Parker cottage)—Donald McMaster, Q.C., and family, Montreal. Covenhoven, Horne. (14 cottages) (How was Algonquin cottage different from Grimmer cottage?)


Aug. 5/1897
Piece on George Innes and his work. Page one.


June 15/1899
Sketch of the Old Town from the Pen of Rev. A. F. Thomson
SA, NB, has become the most popular and most largely frequented watering place in the low provinces. During the months of July and August at least ten or twelve hundred people come to St. Andrews to spend their vacation or to enjoy an outing. Besides numerous other hotels and private houses where accommodation can be had at reasonable figures, the hotel "Algonquin" can accommodate 300 guests, and it is usually full during the summer season. Excellent bathing can be had on the far extending sea beach, while there are many opportunities for fishing in the lakes and streams near at hand. . . . Thus the popularity of St. Andrews as a summer resort for the weary and the tired, the sportsman and the student of nature, is growing. The celebrated artist, Innes, who has a residence here, has placed on canvas some of the beautiful scenery of St. Andrews. One of his painting made here sold in New York some time ago for $1,200.


Aug 17/1899
George Inness’ alterations at Lazycroft.


June 14/1900
Lazycroft, the summer home of Mr. George F. Innes, the celebrated American artist, will not be tenanted by him this year, because he proposes spending the season in Paris, but in Mr. T. G. Shaughnessy, the general manager of the CPR system, it will have a tenant who will be a very welcome one. Mr. Shaughnessy has been a property owner and a tax-payer in St. Andrews for several years, but he has never yet spent a summer here. It is to be hoped that the will find life so pleasant in St. Andrews this summer that he will be seized with an unconquerable desire to permanently establish himself.


July 5/1900
Shaughnessy's occupying Innes cottage.


Feb 21/1901
Description of two paintings--"When the Tide is Out" and "When the Tide is In," by George Innes, Jr., by Rev. A. W. Mahon, SA, in The Evangelist. Provides spiritual symbolism.


Aug 22/1901
            Mr. George F. Inness, who has been sojourning at his summer residence, “Lazy Croft,” for the past two months, is one of the most successful of American’s artists. A son of the late George Inness, the celebrated American painter, he was early brought in to contact with the easel and brush. In addition to the training he received under his father’s eyes, he has had the benefit of the teachings of some of the best of the old world masters. His paintings long since won for him merited recognition at the Salon, Paris. He is an enthusiast in his profession. A member of one of New York’s’ crack military corps he is likewise a splendid horseman and a great lover of the horse. Personally, he is everything that is pleasing. Mrs. Inness is a woman of very charming personality, devoted to her husband’s interests and devoted to her family. She is a daughter of the late Mrs. Roswell smith, who spent several seasons at SA, and is associated with one of the oldest and wealthiest publishing houses in the United States. She is woman of broad and cultured mind, deeply interested in church work, and of generous disposition.


March 20, 1902
Summer Cottages
The Gardiner cottage has been leased for the coming summer by Mr. F. B. Thomas, of Wilmington, Delaware. Mr. G. B. Hopkins, of New York, has secured the Inness dwelling for the season. Dr. N. G. D. parker’s residence has been rented for the summer by Mr. Joseph Howe Allen, of East Orange, NJ. Mr. and Mrs. George R. Hooper, of Montreal, will occupy the Grimmer cottage near the Algonquin for another season.


Sept 11/1902
Inness cottage sold to G. B. Hopkins of NY, who occupied it this summer. Changes are in the works.


St. Croix Courier
Sept 15/1949
SA in Painting and Poetry, by Dr. Samuel Davies. Painting by Innes, Horne, Horne-Russell and William Hope listed.


St. Croix Courier
Feb 11/1954
SA Site of First Art Colony in Canada.
The development of the first bona-fide art colony in Canada—at St. Andrews by the sea, NB—is emphasized by an exhibition of some of the most exciting at work in recent years, to be revealed soon in a Valentine to James Joyce, by Nuala (Elsa de Brun) opening Saturday, Feb 13 at the Carstairs Gallery (11 East 57th Street) here.
            Nuals is a Gaelic name bestowed upon the artist by some of her Irish friends. Her work is modern art having a unity with the past of the illuminations, like the Book of Kells and the Persian miniatures. Much of it has a deeply religious significance. These “Statements of Line and Color” in appreciation of the great Irish writer and his famous book, Finnegan’s Wake, were mostly done by Nuala at the new frontier for artists, in the region originally called the Parish of the Westerly Isles, a name loved and now resurrected by the artists as their description of St. Andrews. In that very beautiful, colorful and somewhat remote part of the maritime Provinces, Nuala was one of a group of artists, writers and others in the arts who have discovered the charm and sprit of that congenial community, long famous as a fashionable Summer resort, for Canadians and Americans alike.
            Among them is David Walker, former aide-de-camp to Lord Tweedsmuir, whose recent novel, “Digby,” has been sold to a Hollywood film studio. Mr. Walker now occupies the house where Georges Simeon, the French writer, lived for some years. Others in the active and creative colony, include Robin Watts, the eminent portrait painter, and his wife, a fine designer. Mrs. Ernest Frederick Eidlitz, New York socialite and photographer who is a Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and the American Photographic Society, spends much time at St. Andrews and it was she who interested Nuala in working there. Mrs. Eidlitz has a fine collection of modern paintings and is to build a house for her collection on one of the beautiful spots in St. Andrews.
            Miller Brittain, who lives permanently near St. Andrews and exhibits annually there and frequently in the United States, is another fine painter whose work is exhibited in the town. Gordon Reed and his wife are an architecture team who have done some splendid places in various parts of Canada and the US. For the past two years Myrna Loy and her his band, an official of the United States State Department, have stayed at St. Andrews. Lily Pons and her husband, Andre Kastelanetz, also visit there. Dr. G. Helen Mowatt of St. Andrews has done excellent work in developing native crafts.
            Charming land and sea-scapes and a pleasant climate long ago attracted the Canadian Pacific Railway empire-builders, Lord Shaughnessy and Sir William Van Horne, and many other outstanding Canadians whose homes are still maintained in and around SA, and it has been for many years an exclusive watering-place for North Americans and Europeans and some South Americans. But it had been an artist’s haven before this re-discovery. (piece here on George Innes and Horne-Russell: rest of photocopy missing)