Old St. Andrews



Executions in St. Andrews



Legend has it that the first execution in St. Andrews took place in 1794 or thereabouts, and that the victim was a Campobello man who murdered his wife and put her in a pickle barrel. According to the Minute Books of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick, however, the first execution in St. Andrews took place in 1826; the victims were a black brother and sister by the name of Richard and Maria Stewart (or Stuart). Their crime was the strangulation of their newborn child. The local newspaper, the St. Andrews Herald, reported on the event in an issue now lost, but fortunately the Eastport Sentinel quoted Judge Chipman's dramatic and powerful address to the prisoners before sentencing and that item is reproduced here, along with some other material. Thomas Dowd was the second hanging which took place in St. Andrews. Mr. Dowd went to the gallows in 1879 for the murder of a boarder at his house in New River. This event received very extensive and dramatic treatment in the local newspaper, the Bay Pilot. The last criminal to receive the utmost rigor of the law was Roland Hutchings, a British flyer stationed at nearby Pennfield Airbase. Mr. Hutchings was convicted on a large amount of circumstantial evidence of the murder of Bernice Connors at a dance in Black's Harbour. The event took place in 1942. The item in the St. Croix Courier is reproduced here, along with an interesting comparison by Frederick Worrell of this execution with Dowd's.