St. Croix Island
Dosias’ Island or Isle de Saint Croix
(after account of Champlain’s trains thereon,) In the year 1797, Isle de St. Croix, which was then called Bone Island, was surveyed by Thomas Wright, Surveyor General of the Island of Saint John (now Price Edward’s). The plan of survey made by him resembles the sketch given in Champlain’s voyages which however does not appear to have been very correctly made. Early in the present century, a party of gentlemen visiting the island named it in honor of a young lady (Theodosia Millbery) Dosias’ Island.
St. Andrews as a Port
Local student George H. Wisely wins short story prize for “Just in Time,” an account of a near-death experience with the natives by Champlain on Dochet’s island that purports to be a translation of a letter found in an old French book and makes reference to a cave at Joe’s Point that Champlain supposedly hid in after being pursued by Indians. Fictional doubtless. Story in full.
On the magnificent farm of Mr. James Russell, M. P. P., at Bayside, within an hour’s drive of St. Andrews, is one of the most historical spits in America. It is a high a point of land almost directly opposite the famed Dosia’s or Doucett’s Island, and is know on the map as Sand Point.
When De Monts, in 1604, or thereabouts, sailed with his weary little band of voyagers up the St. Croix, and pitched their tents on the island above-mentioned, they were in constant dread of trouble from roving bands of Indians. In order to protect themselves from such invasions, a fort was established on Sand Point, earth-works thrown up and two guns mounted inside. The spot was well chosen for the purpose On the southern side, it commanded an unbroken view of the St. Croix as far as Clam Cove Head, several miles below St. Andrews, while in the opposite direction, not a canoe could emerge from either Schoodic River (as it was then known) or Oak Bay without being observed by the vigilant guardians of the fort.
When the grandfather of the present holder of the land took possession in 1783, the embrasure of the fort remained almost the same as when it was abandoned by the pestilence-stricken remnant of the De Mont’s’ party, but the guns had been taken away long before. The earth-works stood untouched for many years, but finally the march of civilization laid them on a level with the rest of the ground around them. There is not a vestige of them now to be seen, but the owner of the land knows where the fort stood, and it is not long since he took a representative of the Beacon over the spot.
Between where the fort stood and the shore there are a number of depressions in the soil, some of them quite deep, but all now over-grown with grass. These depressions, the Beacon was informed by Mr. Russell, have been caused by excavations that were made by curiosity seekers or by seekers after hidden treasure, years ago. Some of the excavators were rewarded by finding various implements of war that had been used by De Monts party, or by Indians, but the great majority of them had their labor for nothing. There is no record of any treasure being found but there are people who believe that somewhere in that neighborhood the redoubtable Captain Kidd dropped some of his ill-gotten wealth, and weird, uncanny takes are still told of treasure-seekers who were driven from the labor at midnight by terrible-looking goblins. . . .
SA Will Co-operate with the other St. Croix Towns. Details
Princes’ Visit to St. Andrews.
Princes Louis and Alexander Guests of Sir William Van Horne.
Prince Louis of Battenberg came and saw and conquered St. Andrews on Saturday last—or rather the small portion of it that gathered about the railway station when he took his departure that evening. The prince and his nephew, Prince Alexander, came to St. Andrews as the guests of Sir William Van Horne. They left the capital city in Sir William’s private car Saskatchewan at ten o’clock, arriving at the Bar Road station at 1:25. Sir William and his son, Mr. R. B. Van Horne, were on hand to welcome them to St. Andrews soil. Accompanying them were Capt. Pamphlett, engineer-commandant of the cruiser Cornwall, and flag lieutenant Sowerby, of the cruiser, Berwick also Mr. W. B. Brown, train master of St. John. Conductor Costley was in charge of the train, Mr. R. H. Purton being the river.
The tide had not left the bar when the princes’ party arrived, so that they had to be boated across to Minister’s island. Reaching the island shore, they stepped into Sir William’s buck-board and in a twinkling were toasting their shins before the blazing logs in Covenhoven.
Luncheon was served soon after arrival, and after a few hours spent in the enjoyment of Sir William’s generous hospitality, the prince and party took a hurried glance over Sir William’s estate. Then the party re-crossed to the mainland—the tide having sufficiently receded in the meantime—and drove out to Senator MacKay’s new property. The examination of this beautiful spot, with its entrancing scenery, occupied a short time.
the prince having expressed a wish to see St. Croix island, where that other great sailor, Champlain, spent the memorable winter of 1604, the party hastened off to the shore road. This occupied so much time that it was dark before the party reached town, so that the prince had little opportunity of seeing the town itself or the bunting that was floating to the breeze in his honor, and the people of the town were also deprived to a great extent of seeing his serene highness’s smiling countenance.
Ideal Summer Play-Ground
As a summer play-ground for the dweller in the crowded city, Charlotte County offers more inducements than probably any other district of similar size in Canada. There is such a diversity of out-door recreation obtainable; there is such a wealth of scenery; there are so many opportunities to get away from “the madding crowd’ and get in close communion with Mother Nature,--what wonder is it that this region should have an almost continental reputation!
Take the district of about SA, for example. History has woven about it a romance as fascinating as ever appeared in written book. The incidents connected with the visit of the French voyageurs to St. Andrews in 1604, and their settlement of St. Croix island impart a charm to the locality that is to be found in few places in the new world. Then there is the further historical fact that the Town was founded by Loyalists in 1783, and that some descendants of these sturdy Britons are still in the flesh. The old forts and block-houses which were built to resist raids from Indians and other “hostiles,” and which remain as mute evidences of the struggles that the early settler had to contend with,--these help to enhance the interest of the place. Again, it might be mentioned that it was from St. Andrews that he first railroad in Canada was projected. Here, too, many of the noblest sailing ships that sailed the seas were built.
But this is all past history, and, perhaps, does not interest the modern man so much as the knowledge that at St. Andrews may be found the finest summer hotel in Canada; that it possesses a golf course that is unexcelled on the continent; that its lakes and streams abound in land-locked salmon, trout and other game fish; that in the proper season and under certain restrictions moose and deer, partridge and woodcock may be killed in its woods; that it is particularly inviting field for the yachtsman; that it possesses most attractive drives, and that it is the most healthful spot on earth.
The Beauties of Fair SA
. . . The glamour of historic association envelops the entire region. Over three centuries ago--in the summer of 1604--the adventurous Sieur des Monts, piloted by Samuel Champlain, whose name and fame as an explorer are so intimately connected with the discoveries of the northern half of the continent, came from France with a patent royal of all the territory in America between the 40th and 46th degrees of north latitude. This first expedition to these waters crossed the Bay of Fundy and ascended the Schoodic (Now St. Croix) river to a small island three miles above the present site of SA, which was fortified against the forays of the Indians who then occupied the land. This is the Dochet’s Island of to-day, but during the long-disputed boundary question between the United States and the dependencies of Great Britain in North America, it was called Neutral Island from the fact that it was mutually admitted to be neutral ground and enjoyed all the rights and privileges of No Man’s Land. On the establishment of the independence of the United States, a number of United Empire Loyalists came across the border and settled at SA, and there are houses now standing in the town whose frame were brought from Castine, Maine, and set up anew here, while in the Episcopal Church is displayed the royal coat-of-arms brought by the stanch Loyalists from Wallingford, Connecticut, in their flight. Later, St. Andrews was a garrisoned town, and the site of old Fort Tipperary, and the Block House, with their grass-grown redoubts and earthworks, are quaint reminders of the ancient means of defence of this border town; but they now only serve to recall the fact that this peaceful retreat has been the theatre of stirring events during the past three hundred years.
St. Croix Courier
SA by the Sea. By Jessie L. Thornton in Industrial Canada. Long article on Algonquin, town and area. Photo of touring car with Algonquin in background, as from visitor’s center. Good spot might be in section with pamphlet on “Arriving in SA” etc. Pseudo-motoring journal.
On the south western coast of the province of NB, very close indeed to the state of Maine, Passamaquoddy Bay is separated from the outlet of the St. Croix River by a hilly triangle. St. Andrews occupies the tip of the wedge. Deer Island faces it and Campobello and Grand Manan lie in the order named out in the Bay of Fundy, off the coast of Maine. The protecting cover of these islands shelter Passamaquoddy Bay from the extreme storms of the Atlantic and its calm waters are warmer than those on the exposed coasts a little further south.
The Passamaquoddy Indians, a tribe peaceable enough now, in all conscience, have a legend that white men planted a cross on the edge of the bay and called the spot St. Andre. In this way, they account for the name of the town and also for that of the river, St. Croix. Beneath the shadow of Chamcook Mountain, which is no mountain, but an abrupt hill four hundred feet high standing back of SA, a French ship dropped anchor on a June day in 1604. From it were unloaded cannon, implements, brick and provisions upon an island then and baptized St. Croix. One gets an excellent impression of this island on the way up from St. Andrews to St. Stephen. The island is no longer St. Croix but is called , indifferently, Doucet’s or Dochet’s.
St. Croix Courier
Broadcast Charlotte County. Let the World Know Its Beauties, Resources and Advantages. Contributed by R. E. Armstrong.
. . . The historic Doucet’s Island Sometimes known as St. Croix Island, where the French Acadians spent their first days, stands quite close to this active city which is bordered by the international river of St. Croix. St. Stephen has a well equipped exhibition and horse racing area. The region round about it possesses many good farms, also fishing lakes, camps and other pleasurable grounds that might prove most attractive and pleasing to visiting motorists if they were impressed with the delights that are at their disposal. It seems to me that it would be most helpful to St. Stephen if it was provided with attractive illustrate signs on its adjacent international bridges. The town should also be provided with a publicity bureau which would pass out informing literature of an attractive nature respecting not only Charlotte County but all the Maritimes.
St. Croix Courier
Editorial: This island called Dochet. Correspondent refers to “local tragedy on the island” that gave rise to name. Protests against usage.
St. Croix Courier
Tourist Camp Flourishing
Harry Wiley, proprietor of the popular “Wiley’s Historic View” log cabins, situated on the St. Croix River, overlooking Dochet’s Island, was in town this week, and was enthusiastic over the tourist business being enjoyed by his camps. Mr. Wiley stated that he now has ten separate cabins, and has been doing a rushing business all summer. The tourist trade is fine this summer, Mr. Wiley said, and the visitors seem to have money to spend.
St. Croix Courier
Editorial: Growing In Favour—Next summer will witness the actual filming in Charlotte County of a full length motion picture feature, it was stated by Mr. James A. Fitzpatrick of NY on leaving Saint John last week after a brief tour in connection with the technicolor Traveltalk now being produced in NB. The feature picture will be in the nature of an historical epic. From the landing of DeMonts and Champlain on St. Croix Island in 1604, it will follow through the era of New World piracy and down to modern times when rum-running and hi-jacking were lucrative trades for the men who would go down to the sea in ships, particularly for NS men. . . . The choice of NB as the local of a travel picture, also of a full length feature, is proof positive that we have something well worth selling to the whole world, and that Charlotte County has been dowried quite as generously as any other section. These pictures will help enormously in selling the Province abroad, but they cannot do it all. The best advertisement is the satisfied customer, which is assured if those who come here receive good food, comfortable accommodation, honest value for the money they spend, and courtesy.
St. Croix Courier
April 16, 1942
The Pageant, “A Story of St. Andrews,” which was presented by the programme committee of the Women’s Canadian Club on Thursday evening, April 9, in Andraeleo Hall, was successful in every way, and far exceeded the highest hopes of the committee. A capacity audience applauded every scene and went home feeling that they had enjoyed one of the best shows to be produced here by local talent in a long time. The sketch read preceding each scene was interesting and explanatory. The scenes were impressive and instructive, the costumes quaint and beautiful and the characters, both male and female, all portrayed by women of the club, were excellently done. The net proceeds will amount to considerably over $100. The scenes depicted with date of each are as follows: 1604, Champlain and DeMonts at Dochet Island; 1760, the Indian Wedding; 1775, The Trading Post; 1783, the Landing of the Loyalists; 1788, Robert Pagan, M. P.; 1788, A Parliamentary Ball, “the Minuet”; 1812, the Blockhouse, a British Grenadier; 1838, Coronation of Queen Victoria,, celebrated by the roasting of an ox in Market Square; 1850, the Bucket Brigade; 1867, a Valentine Ball, “The Mazurka”; 1852, Advent of the Railway; 1895, Fashion Parade of the Gay Nineties; 1942, “Land of Hope and Glory.”
St. Croix Courier
Feb 11, 1943
Who Owns St. Croix Island?
I have read with much interest an article wthe the foregoing title written by H. E. Lamb and sppearing in the Calais Advertiser of Jan 27th. Mr.Lamb proves to his own satisfaction a least, that this island belongs to United States, that is, lies within her boundaries. He suggests that readers cut out his article for future reference as in effect it settles the matter for all time. May I suggest that the same reades past the fllowing information in their scrap-book alongside the other to prove that perhaps the matter is unsettled for all time. Mr. Lamb says the middle of the river is the boundary lien and tha the middle is where the deepest channel lies. Personally I should call the middle the half-way point between the wo shores on any part of the river. That Mr. Lamb in his heart agrees with me is indicatd in the last paragraph where he states that St. Croix Island lies out near the middle of the river. I do not wish to startanother international boundary dispute but the following “last will and testament” of John Hillicker, copies from the records of Charlotte County, will at leat give a different slant to the question. It also gives an idea of the origin of the name Dochet’s Island, which evidently was corrupted from the name Dosh’s appearing in the will which was apparently the name of a former owner or resident.
Last Will and Testament
“In the name of God, Amen. I, John Hillicker of the Island generally known and called by the name of Dosh’s Island and supposed and considered to be in the parish of St. Andrews, county of Charlotte, and province of New Brunswick (Note: there was no Parish of St. Croix in Charlotte County at that time) being weak in body but of sound and perfect mind and memory (Blessed by God for the same) do make and published this my last will and testament in manner and form following. Viz. first I give and bequesath unto my wife Mary Hillicker, all my real and personal estate and property, viz. my interest and itles in the Iland above mentioend (called Dosh’s) to be held by her and possessed by her during her natural life, and also all my personal goods and chattles of what kind and nature soever they be. I will and give unto her during her life, and at the conclusion of the sme I will and demise, make over and convey unto Daniel Post of said Island the above mentioend possessions and property of every kind, real and personal with chattles of every kind, to be held and possessed by him at her death. And I do hereby appont this my last will and testament, my wife Mary and Daniel Post, my sole Executrix and Executor. Hereby revoking all former wills by me made, in witnesswhereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this eighty oday of June in the year of our Lord, One Thousand eight hundred and twenty four (1824). Singned, sealed, published and declared by the above named John Jilliker to e his last will and testament, in the presence fo us who have hereunto subscribed our names as witness in the presende of the testator.
John Hilliker X his mark
Henry Coulter, St. David
Elias Barber, Red Beach
Caleb Bartlett, St. Andrews
The proof of this will follows on record, swon by Henry Coulter before H. H. Hatch, of St. Andrews, Surrogate and Judge of Probates, and dated Oct. 29, 1825. Tis proof must have been submitted on the death of Mrs. Hillickers, as according to records quoted in Mr. lamb’s article, the Island was sold by Daniel Post to John Brewer on Nov. 25, 1825, for $130.
St. Croix Courier
Dedication of St. Croix Island as National Historic Site June 30. Effort made to erase use of Dochet’s Island in Charlotte County. Prob. corruption of “Theodosia,” lady associated with Island. Once “Dosie’s” Island--but changed to Dochet’s to sound more French, in keeping with past.